Municipality Strelcha

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History

Different epochs have marked the landscape of Strelcha in the course of its centuries-old history. The traces of prehistoric people, Thracians, Slavs, Byzantines, Romans and Bulgarians found around the town have won the battle over time.

The archeological heritage of Strelcha and its surroundings still reminds about the traditions, the lifestyle and the twists in the historic destiny of the people that have inhabited these lands for centuries.

Antiquity and Middle Ages

The oldest remaining traces are from the steps of the Thracians. The Bessi have arrived and have permanently settled down in this area during the middle of the last millennium. They are mentioned in the Greek chronicles as brave and freedom–loving warriors that worship Dionis. During the several centuries of their reign over the lands around Strelcha, the Bessi have left over 300 mounds in honor of their nobles.

One of the most impressive historical monuments on the territory of Strelcha has been built in this period. Jaba Mogila is a unique Thracian religious complex composed of a tomb-mausoleum and a sanctuary–temple.

The Bessi have completely lost their power in 45 AC., when the Romans subdued them and Thracians’ lands became part of the newly formed province of Thrace.

The region of Strelcha and the whole South Thrace has been included in the borders of the First Bulgarian State in IХ century. During that time the stronghold Strelchansko Kale has been built and it has been functioning until the ХІV century. The fortress is positioned on the right bank of the Strelchanska Luda Yana River and its 8-meters high protective walls clearly illustrate the character of this age. In its foot for centuries has prospered Strelch or Strelets city. The present name of Strelcha is derived from this old name.

National Revival and Present Times

During the Bulgarian National Revival Strelcha has become an advanced economic and cultural centre and Strelcha’s people have had a keen and inextinguishable thirst for enlightenment, intellectual development and liberty. On April 20th, 1876 the citizens of Strelcha have joined the April uprising and in consequence they have been punished severely for their braveness.

Only after the Liberation the region’s residents have come back to their homes. During that time the church St. Archangel Mihail has been built.

On August 23rd, 1969 Strelcha has been proclaimed as a town and a resort with national importance.

  • Entrance to a Thracian tomb

    Entrance to a Thracian tomb

  • Bulgarian Renaissance house

    Bulgarian Renaissance house

  • Strelcha in the beginning of XX c.

    Strelcha in the beginning of XX c.

  • Golden breastplate

    Golden breastplate

  • Skifos

    Skifos

  • Thracian tomb Jaba-Mogila

    Thracian tomb Jaba–Mogila

  • Temple-monument St Archangel Michael

    Temple–monument St Archangel Michael